Copied from here so I can find it more easily….
Ubuntu Server with only a Command Line Interface
Go to Virtual Machine > Install VMware Tools (or VM > Install VMware Tools).
Note: If you are running the light vesion of Fusion, or a version of Workstation without VMware Tools, or VMware Player, you are prompted to download the Tools before they can be installed. Click Download Now to begin the download.
In the Ubuntu guest, run these commands:
sudo mkdir /mnt/cdrom
When prompted for a password, enter your Ubuntu admin user password.
Note: For security reasons, the typed password is not displayed. You do not need to enter your password again for the next five minutes.
sudo mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
The file name of the VMware Tools bundle varies depending on your version of the VMware product. Run this command to find the exact name:
tar xzvf /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-.tar.gz -C /tmp/
Note: is the version discovered in the previous step.
sudo ./vmware-install.pl -d
Note: The -d switch assumes that you want to accept the defaults. If you do not use -d, press Return to accept each default or supply your own answers.
Run this command to reboot the virtual machine after the installation completes: